Primo Anno Di Ora Legale in Italia

In Italy, daylight saving time was first introduced in 1916. The European Union (2001) established that, in each Member State, summer time begins on the last Sunday in March at 1 a.m. in Universal Time and ends on the last Sunday in October at 1 a.m. Universal Time. In Italy, this means setting the clock at 2 a.m. and raising it to 3 a.m. Daylight saving time was introduced in Italy in 1966 and is a system that allows you to make the most of daylight hours throughout the summer. Between March and October, of course, more light is available, as the sun rises earlier at this time of year (around 4:30 am in Italy) and sets later (around 8 pm). By advancing the hands by one hour, the hours of light better cover the hours intended for human activities, so they can actually enjoy an extra hour of light in the evening. The purpose of daylight saving time is to save energy by using less electric lighting. Daylight saving time, of course, cannot increase the available light hours, but can only induce greater use of light hours that are usually “lost” due to weather patterns. In the countries of the European Union, summer time starts on the last Sunday of March and ends on the last Sunday of October.

Switzerland accedes to the same conventions, although it is not part of the Union. Between 4 July 2018 and 16 August 2018, a public consultation on summer-time arrangements took place on the European Commission`s website[33], which, among other things, in the event of the abolition of the time change, offered the alternative of always maintaining winter time or always maintaining summer time. [34] The consultation received 4.6 million responses, the highest number ever received in an EU public consultation. [35] Summer time has been in force in Italy since 1966. It had already been used for the first time in 1916. After being abolished and confirmed several times, it was definitively adopted by our country with a law of 1965, at a time when the demand for energy was constantly increasing. One of the main reasons for deciding to adopt such a change in calendar is the choice of savings. The company Terna, operator of the national electricity grid, announced that in 2016, for example, thanks to summer time in Italy, 573 million kilowatt hours were saved (the kilowatt hour is the measure of electricity consumed). A figure that corresponds to the average annual electricity consumption of 210 thousand households. Daylight saving time, introduced by this law, first applied in 1966, lasted four months, from the last Sunday in May to the last Sunday in September; This year, it remained in effect from May 22 to September 24. This period was extended to six months in 1980, bringing forward the beginning of the first Sunday in April, and then from 1981 to the last Sunday in March. A further one-month extension was introduced in 1996, along with the rest of Europe, when the end was postponed to the last Sunday in October.

On the night of Saturday 26 to Sunday 27 March, we will have to advance the hands by one hour as daylight saving time returns. A system that was introduced in the 60s and that allows us more than ever to facilitate invoices and give a break to municipalities and companies: in the next 7 months we will save more than 190 million euros. Therefore, and why it is convenient for a country like Italy to keep daylight saving time short. From 1980 onwards, the beginning of summer time was planned for a Europe Agreement with several countries of the European Economic Community. [24] As early as 1784, Benjamin Franklin, the inventor of the lightning rod, published an idea in the French Journal de Paris. In these considerations, Franklin set himself the goal of saving expenses on candles, but because of the extravagance of the proposals (such as placing a cannon on each street, firing a shot to wake residents), they were not followed. Basically, Franklin did not propose to shift the time, but to force the population to get up early in the morning by various forms of pressure (taxation of shutters, rationing of candles, prohibition of night traffic and noisy awakening at dawn). [6] The suggestion to make the population get up earlier by changing the time reference comes from an article by New Zealand entomologist George Vernon Hudson. In 1895 he presented an article to the Wellington Philosophical Society in which he proposed a two-hour time change.

[7] The idea was taken up a few years later by the British architect William Willett and this time found fertile ground in the context of the economic needs of the First World War: in 1916, the House of Commons gave the green light to British summer time, in which the hands were advanced by one hour in summer. Many countries emulated the UK in that energy conservation was a priority in wartime. In Turin in 1920, the introduction of summer time was also the occasion for conflicts in the workplace, which led to strikes. Between July and August 2018, the European Commission launched a survey asking EU citizens whether or not they wanted to keep summer time. More than 4.6 million people answered this question – a real record – 84% of whom asked to abolish the time change and keep only natural time (i.e. solar time). The forward shift takes place in early spring and is removed, restoring winter time to autumn when short days negate the benefits of daylight saving time and it would therefore be unnecessary to maintain it. Removing winter time would imply the use of daylight saving time throughout the year, with the problem that in winter, when fewer hours of light are available, a shift in sunrise and sunset could provide an extra hour of light in the evening. But also one less every morning, while human activities would continue to take place at the same time. [32] In general, tropical countries do not apply daylight saving time because fluctuations in daylight hours throughout the year are minimal and do not allow for sufficient daylight hours in the morning to justify moving hands one hour forward to bring in light in the evening. Summer time is back: on the night of Saturday 30 to Sunday 31 October, do not forget to advance the hands by one hour. In practice, we will lose an hour of sleep, but we will have longer days and it will be dark later in the evening.

This is a condition that certainly affects electricity and gas consumption, at a time when the war in Ukraine, dependence on Russian gas and rising commodity prices on the international market are skyrocketing bills in these first two quarters of 2022, caused solely by the government`s interim measures. Measures that we demanded through a letter to the government and a petition to stop this expensive bill. For political reasons, winter time is de facto suspended in some countries and summer time is introduced throughout the year. In many countries, therefore, more direct terminology is used to refer to summer time or “summer time”. A more accurate name, because it refers to the purpose of daylight saving time and therefore has nothing to do with the reference to the summer season, is that of “summer time” (DST). Only in 2010 Italy with art. Article 22 of Law No 96 implementing Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament (signed by President N. FONTAINE)[44] set the start of summer time at 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in March and at 3:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in October,[45] a practice practised in Italy since 1996.

[46] Let us take the example of Italy: if with solar time (i.e. that which follows the natural sunrise) the sun rises at 4:30 am during the summer months and sets at 8 pm, with summer time (i.e. by advancing the hands of the clock), the period of light between sunrise and sunset is from 5:30 am to 9 pm. It is easy to understand that an hour of light between 4:30 a.m. and 5:30 a.m. is less useful than an hour of light between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m. This shift allows, for example, to turn on the lights an hour later in the evening and thus save electricity. In addition to the savings due to summer time and until our proposals to the government are implemented and become structural measures, we have decided to offer an immediate alternative to consumers who are suffering by launching the 2022 edition of the Reducing the Bill buying group.

As defined by the guarantor, the energy purchasing groups were set up for the purpose of selecting one or more sellers for the supply of electricity and/or natural gas to the final customers gathered in the group. After selecting the most favourable commercial offers, the purchasing group proposes them to its members, who may conclude their own supply contract with the seller under the conditions laid down. It`s no coincidence that Sunday was chosen to trigger daylight saving time: it allows people to adjust more gently to variation, sleep a little more, and avoid one-hour mistakes (late or early) when they come to school or work! The main promoter of daylight saving time in Italy was the engineer Luigi Luiggi, who published several papers both for its introduction and for its subsequent maintenance.